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Винарска изба TODOROFFВинарска изба TODOROFF
Винарска изба TODOROFFВинарска изба TODOROFF
Винарска изба TODOROFFВинарска изба TODOROFF
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Region
 

The Thracian lowland is situated in the South Bulgarian region, which covers about 35% of the vineyard territories of the country. The main varieties of the region are "Cherven Misket", "Rkaziteli", "Muskat Ottonel", "Cabernet Sauvignon", "Merlot", "Aligotte", and "Mavrud" – a variety typical for this region. Red and white, dry and semi-dry wines are produced in this region, as well as desert wines. The density of red varieties plantation is about 69%.

The most characteristic features of the region are:

  • moderate continental climate with even distribution of rainfalls during the vegetation period;
  • total vegetation temperature is 3500-4000 degrees C;
  • duration of the vegetation period and the period without froze is 180-200 days. Beginning and end of vegetation is between 05 April and 04 November. The frequency of the spring froze is about 5-10%;
  • the average diurnal temperature of the hottest month are between 22 - 23 degrees C. -The average level of the absolute temperature minimums yearly are from 14 to 16 degrees C, since the average minimums yearly are between -21 to -25 degrees C with a duration of one to two days;
  • the hydro thermal coefficient for July-August is 0.4-0.1. The root producing soil layer is very deep and its nutritious, thermal, water and air regime is good.

PLOVDIV

Plovdiv is one of the most ancient cities - not only in Bulgaria, but also in Europe. It is at the same age of Troya and is older than Rome, Athens and Constantinople.

The history of Plovdiv is closely connected with two Thracian tribes - the Odrises and the Besses. They inhabited the river valley of the Maritza River and the Rhodoppes. The kingdom of Odrisses was established in 480-460 year BC and was actually the most ancient Thracian tribe union.
Thracians were the most ancient population on the Balkan Peninsula and were known for their high material and spiritual culture. Homer, Herodotus and other ancient historical writers /chronicles/ from the ancient times, described the life style, moral and the rich culture of the Thracian people. Thracians used to be skillful warriors; unsurpassed farmers; stock-breeders and craftsmen; and they built their fortresses and towers in a perfect way,. Thracian honey and wine were praised in many verses and songs by many ancient authors. Gold and silver jewels found here are evidences of the high Thracian culture and skills in producing and designing jewels.

Thracian were also very well known for their boldness and freedom-loving spirit. Not accidentally the leader of the greatest revolt of the slaves against the Roman Empire was a Thracian, named Spartacus. Thracians were the first who established a village on the three hills and called it Eumolpia /according to the name of the mythical hero, king and singer - Eumolpius/.
In the year 342 BC Philip II conquered the village, surrounded it with fortified walls and called it Phillipopolis.

The village suffered its first grand destruction in 278 year BC. It was destroyed by the Celtic tribes. In 3d and 5th century Philipopolis suffered two more destructive invasions. They were committed by the Hunts of Attila and the Ghottes.

BRESTOVITZA

Brestovitza is a village in Plovdiv region, which is situated 18 km. away from Plovdiv. The population of the village is about 4207 people. The village of Brestovitza is situated in the most Northern feet of the West Rhodoppes, on the border with the Thracian lowland at the height of 297 meters. Climate is transcontinental. The main means of living of the village is vine growing, production of vegetables and wine producing. There is a primary school which was built in 1967 and the first school ever built in the village dates from 1830. In the village there is a very rich library /15 000 volumes/, established in the year 1873. The community center supports the activity of amateur group for performing folklore songs, children's group for performing folklore songs and dances. Community center also takes care about the restoration and the preservation of folklore traditions, customs and rituals. There is a gallery with an exhibition of 44 notorious artist's paintings In Brestovitza.
The church "Saint Theodore", built in 1851, is also restored.
In the Turkish register dating from the year 1576 Brestovitza was registered under the name of Birestuvitche and later it was known after the name of Derejikoy. In the ancient territory of the village there are many marks of a prehistoric population.
Ritual stone tables with images of a Thracian horse rider has been found as well silver coins, etc.
Also ruins from the monastery "Saint Nicola", built during the cultural upsurge of Bulgaria during the Tarnovo Kingdom. Monastery was burnt down during the massive process of enjoining the Moslem religion in 1666. It is known that many precious manuscripts and books were saved from the monastery. These manuscripts confirm the proposition that the "Saint Nicola" Monastery has been a shelter for many industrious Bulgarians and Bulgaria used to enlighten the darkness of the Ottoman slavery.
 

 
 

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